Propolis is a resinous mixture which honey bees collect from tree buds, sap flows, and other plant sources. They gather it and combine it with nectar to make a type of glue. It's sticky above room temperature, but at lower temperatures it becomes hard and very brittle making it perfect for repair work around the hive.
The exact composition of propolis varies from hive to hive, district to district, and season to season. Normally it is dark brown in color, but it can also be red, black or white. Honey bees are opportunists who gather what they need from available sources, so the composition of propolis varies with the local vegetation.
Humans use bee propolis for its natural nutrients. It is a beneficial food supplement providing trace amounts of flavonoids, proteins amino acids, vitamins and minerals.
Bees use propolis to:
- reinforce the structural stability of the hive
- reduce vibration
- make the hive more defensible by sealing alternate entrances
- prevent parasites from entering the hive
- inhibit bacterial growth, thereby disinfecting the hive
- Propolis is a natural source of trace vitamins, minerals, amino acids, proteins and carbohydrates.
- Propolis is a nutrient from Mother Nature.
- Propolis promotes nutritional wellness.
The structure function claims made on this website have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These dietary supplement products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.