Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in our bodies. It is also a key building block for muscle, and for that reason, glutamine is a popular supplement among bodybuilders.
Glutamine is extremely important to our system, and it's a very hard worker. It comprises a large percentage of the free amino acids in our skeletal muscle tissue, and glutamine is involved in more metabolic processes than any other amino acid.
Also known as L-glutamine, it is predominantly synthesized and stored in skeletal muscle. However, when a muscle is placed under heavy stress, it can release a large amount of the glutamine it holds.
Glutamine is one of three amino acids involved in the synthesis of glutathione an important antioxidant comprised of glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine. The health benefits of glutamine include nitrogen shuttling, muscle support, intestinal health, and more.
Glutamine is often classified as a conditionally essential amino acid. That means the body normally makes a sufficient supply, but that the need for it may spike under extreme physical stress. At such times, the demand for glutamine may exceed the supply, and supplementation may be needed.
- Glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid in blood and skeletal muscle.
- Glutamine is utilized as cellular fuel, especially in muscles.
- Glutamine supports exercise recovery.
- Glutamine is involved in more metabolic processes than any other amino acid.
- Glutamine supports protein metabolism.
- The body can make glutamine but in times of metabolic stress (such as with serious training or exercise), supplemental glutamine may be needed.
- Glutamine is a crucial component of muscle cells.
- Glutamine promotes bicarbonate production, which can be important for buffering lactic acid produced during intense exercise.
- Glutamine plays a role in the proper functioning of the GI tract.
- Glutamine serves as the primary source of fuel for intestinal cells.
- Glutamine can be converted to glucose when energy is needed. It also plays a part in helping us maintain a proper glucose level. And without glucose, cells cannot function efficiently.
- Glutamine assists in maintaining the proper acid/alkaline balance in the body, and is important for removing excess ammonia.
- Strenuous exercise and other demanding activities tend to cause glutamine depletion.
- Glutamine has been used by people concerned with the health of their stomach.
- Athletes training for endurance events sometimes have slow recoveries after the event is over. It has been speculated that one possible explanation is that extreme training may reduce the level of glutamine.
- Glutamine may also:
- Support gastro-intestinal health
- Support athletic activity
Glutamine is widely available from diets rich in protein. Here are some good sources:
The structure function claims made on this website have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These dietary supplement products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.