by Melissa Chichester
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, diabetes is one of the most expensive and chronic diseases that affects over 23 million people. Even more alarming is that many people may not know they are at risk: 84 million adults have prediabetes, while over 7 million people are undiagnosed. These numbers make diabetes one of the most common health issues in the United States.
When someone has Type 1 diabetes, the body does not make insulin or it is making very little. It is currently unknown how Type 1 diabetes can be prevented but for the small population that has Type 1 diabetes, it can be managed. On the other hand, Type 2 diabetes can be prevented with lifestyle maintenance.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and happens when the body does not use insulin properly.
This is also known as insulin resistance. In turn, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for the deficiency. In the long run, the pancreas cannot maintain blood glucose levels. Because of these actions, blood glucose levels rise higher than they should.
According to the Mayo Clinic, the following methods may be used to formally diagnose diabetes:
Only a licensed physician can diagnose diabetes or prediabetes.
Diabetes can impact anyone, but there are some factors that can increase risks. The following are considered risk factors for Type 2 diabetes according to the Centers for Disease Control:
Diabetes is considered by many professionals to be a fast-growing public health crisis. The following statistics highlight just part of the story:
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